Similar to we humans, our pets too need vaccinations from time to time so as to increase their immunity and fight diseases. An ideal cat parent will always want to protect his kittens from many life threatening ailments with vaccination which is a critical part of a good preventive health care plan.
A vaccine is normally administered by an injection under the skin, though it may also be given sometimes as drops into nose or eyes. As we all may know that it’s designed to stimulate body’s immune system and thereby protecting against a particular infectious disease if the kitten is exposed to that disease.
What does a Vaccine Contain?
It may contain:
Live Organisms (therefore known as “modified live vaccines”): Here the organisms are modified in such a way that they cannot cause disease but can reproduce for a short time after the vaccine’s administration to stimulate a good immune response.
Killed Organisms (these are known as “killed or inactivated vaccines”): Here the organisms have been killed and combined usually with other substances to evoke a good immune response.
Recombinant Vaccines: This is a modern kind of vaccine in which parts of one organism (genes causing the production of proteins essential in evoking a good immune response) may be combined with another organism, and then the cat is vaccinated with it.
All these vaccines need to pass through stringent safety and efficacy tests before being licensed for usage in cats. If used correctly and as suggested, they are safe and also provide protection to cats against several diseases.
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Which Diseases are Cats Protected from with Vaccinations?
There may be different vaccines in different countries because some diseases are restricted to certain countries. Here are the most commonly occurring diseases in kittens and vaccines for them.
- Feline calicivirus
- Feline herpesvirus
- Feline panleukopenia virus
- Bordetella bronchiseptica
- Chlamydophila felis
What are Core and Non-core Vaccines?
Vaccines are classified as core and non-core vaccines. While core vaccines are supposed to be necessary for all cats due to the widespread and/or serious nature of the diseases against which they protect the pet, non-core vaccines are administered only to cats which have chances to get exposed to infection.
Whether to administer non-core vaccines or not depends on the cat’s lifestyle, age and contact with other cats. Talk with veterinarians for kitten vaccinations services in Sydney to know which vaccines you will have to give to your kitten.
This virus is also called feline parvovirus or feline infectious enteritis and is a serious and often lethal cause of haemorrhagic gastroenteritis.
Feline Herpes Virus (FHV 1) and Feline Calicivirus (FCV)
FHV 1 and FCV are combined together because these two viruses are the chief causative factors for upper respiratory tract infection in cats.
Though more common in dogs, rabies occurs in cats too and they need protection against it.
Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV)
FeLV is a serious disease which can spread through mutual grooming, fighting and sharing bowls of food and water and litter trays. Kittens may acquire the disease before birth from the mother.
This is a kind of bacteria that chiefly lead to conjunctivitis in cats. It commonly occurs in young kittens in a multicat household and mild upper respiratory signs too may occur.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
FIV vaccination can be obtained only in a few, though not all countries. This virus occurs commonly especially in cats going outdoors and fighting (infection is spread mainly through bites).
Talk to your vet and plan a vaccination schedule, so that you can enjoy the company of a healthy feline family member most of the time.